Pixel Buffer Object in Processing

People switching from Processing to OpenFrameworks or other more serious development platforms due to performance consideration games handy. I have done a few searches and found that there are a number of libraries using different Java bindings of OpenCL, Vertex Buffer Object, Pixel Buffer Object, and even DirectShow herunterladen. I wonder if it is more possible to use Processing in production environment where performance is important.

I have done a test to compare using live webcam video stream with traditional texture method and another one with pixel buffer object windows 8.1 manuell herunterladen. The performance difference is noticeable and significant using my MacBook Pro. I do not record the videos as it may distort the real time performance br sendung herunterladen.

This is the ‘traditional’ method.

import processing.video.*;
import processing.opengl.*;
 
float a;
 
Capture cap;
PImage img;
 
void setup()
{
  println(Capture.list());
  size(640, 480, OPENGL);
  hint(ENABLE_OPENGL_2X_SMOOTH);
  hint(DISABLE_DEPTH_TEST);
  a = 0;
 
  img = loadImage("tron.jpg");
  frameRate(30);
  cap = new Capture(this, width, height, 30);
  cap.read();
  textureMode(NORMALIZED);
}
 
void draw()
{
  background(0);
  image(img, 0, 0);
  translate(width/2, height/2, 0);
  float b = a*PI/180.0;
  rotateY(b);
  rotateX(b);
  beginShape(QUADS);
  texture(cap);
  vertex(-320, -240, 0, 0, 0);
  vertex( 320, -240, 0, 1, 0);
  vertex( 320, 240, 0, 1, 1);
  vertex(-320, 240, 0, 0, 1);
  endShape();
  a += 1;
  a %= 360;
}
 
void captureEvent(Capture _c)
{
  _c.read();
}

 

 
This is the PBO mehtod handy hack for free.

import processing.video.*;
import processing.opengl.*;
import javax.media.opengl.*;
import java.nio.IntBuffer;
 
float a;
PGraphicsOpenGL pgl;
GL gl;
PImage img;
 
int [] tex = new int[1];
int [] pbo = new int[1];
 
Capture cap;
 
void setup()
{
  println(Capture.list());
  size(640, 480, OPENGL);
  hint(ENABLE_OPENGL_2X_SMOOTH);
  hint(DISABLE_DEPTH_TEST);
  a = 0;
 
  img = loadImage("tron.jpg");
  frameRate(30);
  pgl = (PGraphicsOpenGL) g;
  cap = new Capture(this, width, height, 30);
  cap.read();
 
  gl = pgl.gl;
 
  gl.glGenBuffers(1, pbo, 0);
  gl.glBindBuffer(GL.GL_PIXEL_UNPACK_BUFFER, pbo[0]);  
  gl.glBufferData(GL.GL_PIXEL_UNPACK_BUFFER, 4*cap.width*cap.height, null, GL.GL_STREAM_DRAW);
  gl.glBindBuffer(GL.GL_PIXEL_UNPACK_BUFFER, 0);
 
  gl.glGenTextures(1, tex, 0);
  gl.glBindTexture(GL.GL_TEXTURE_2D, tex[0]);
 
  gl.glTexParameteri(GL.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL.GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL.GL_NEAREST);
  gl.glTexParameteri(GL.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL.GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL.GL_NEAREST);
  gl.glTexParameteri(GL.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL.GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_S, GL.GL_CLAMP);
  gl.glTexParameteri(GL.GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL.GL_TEXTURE_WRAP_T, GL.GL_CLAMP);
 
  gl.glTexImage2D(GL.GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL.GL_RGBA, cap.width, cap.height, 0, GL.GL_BGRA, GL.GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, null);
  gl.glBindTexture(GL.GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0);
}
 
void draw()
{
  background(0);
  image(img, 0, 0);
 
  gl = pgl.beginGL();
  gl.glColor3f( 1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f);	
 
  gl.glEnable(GL.GL_TEXTURE_2D);
 
  gl.glBindTexture(GL.GL_TEXTURE_2D, tex[0]);
  gl.glBindBuffer(GL.GL_PIXEL_UNPACK_BUFFER, pbo[0]);
 
  gl.glTexSubImage2D(GL.GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, 0, 0, cap.width, cap.height, GL.GL_BGRA, GL.GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, 
  0);
 
  gl.glBufferData(GL.GL_PIXEL_UNPACK_BUFFER, 4*cap.width*cap.height, null, GL.GL_STREAM_DRAW);
 
  IntBuffer tmp1 = gl.glMapBuffer(GL.GL_PIXEL_UNPACK_BUFFER, GL.GL_WRITE_ONLY).asIntBuffer();
  tmp1.put(cap.pixels);
 
  gl.glUnmapBuffer(GL.GL_PIXEL_UNPACK_BUFFER);
  gl.glBindBuffer(GL.GL_PIXEL_UNPACK_BUFFER, 0);
 
  gl.glTranslatef(width/2, height/2, 0);
  gl.glRotatef(a, 1, 1, 0);
 
  gl.glBegin(GL.GL_QUADS);	
  gl.glTexCoord2f(0.0f, 0.0f);			
  gl.glVertex3f(-320, -240, 0);
  gl.glTexCoord2f(1.0f, 0.0f);
  gl.glVertex3f( 320, -240, 0);
  gl.glTexCoord2f(1.0f, 1.0f);
  gl.glVertex3f( 320, 240, 0);
  gl.glTexCoord2f(0.0f, 1.0f);
  gl.glVertex3f(-320, 240, 0);
  gl.glEnd();
  gl.glBindTexture(GL.GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0);
  pgl.endGL();
  a += 1.0;
  a %= 360;
}
 
void captureEvent(Capture _c)
{
  _c.read();
}